You can use the PowerShell cmdlet Set-NetFirewallProfile to turn firewall profiles on and off.
There are three profiles Domain Public and Private.
Set-NetFirewallProfile -Profile Domain,Public,Private -Enabled True
If you wanted to temporarily turn off the domain profile on one of your computers you could use the following command.
Set-NetFirewallProfile -Profile Domain -Enabled False
This would just turn off the domain profile you could do testing or whatever task you needed to do and then turn it back on again with
Set-NetFirewallProfile -Profile Domain -Enabled True.
Another way to do this is with netsh
netsh advfirewall set allprofiles state on
netsh advfirewall set public state off
netsh advfirewall set private state off
netsh advfirewall set domain state on